Green coffee beans are simply beans which are green natural beans without roast. They are the beans in the purest and rawest form. These raw beans are used to make the green coffee extract.
There are many coffee producing countries in the world, with most located along the equator. Since the climate is ideal for growing coffee trees, these equatorial countries are the largest producers of coffee beans. Green coffee beans extract has recently hit the headlines. It is proving to be one of the most effective weight loss supplements in the market today.
PERFECT CLIMATE FOR COFFEE TREES TO GROW
Countries like Africa, South Asia, Central, and Southern America are large producers of coffee beans. The climates in these regions are hot but also plentiful rainfall. These two are essential climatic conditions for the coffee tree to thrive in. Coffee trees grow best in temperatures of around 70 degrees and they need a 90 percent humidity factor as well as a pretty high altitude. Hence countries along the equator have the perfect conditions for the coffee tree to thrive.
A typical coffee tree can survive for up to 60 years, although some trees live for 100 years. Coffee trees do not normally produce any fruit (cherries) during the first five years after planting. As they need this time to establish themselves. Coffee trees do not tolerate frosts or dramatic changes in the environment.
THE COFFEE ‘CHERRY’ FRUIT EXPLAINED
The coffee ‘cherry’, which is the fruit of the tree, usually contains two beans. Sometimes there will only be one bean in the cherry and such beans are called ‘peaberry’. These are often discarded, although they can also be sold to a different coffee market.
Many coffee producers handpick the cherries from the trees and have been growing coffee for thousands of years. These coffee producers contribute to their country’s economy because exports of green coffee beans is a huge business. Globally, coffee consumption has increased significantly over the last few decades, making it a commodity that is much in demand.
GREEN COFFEE BEANS CONTAINS CHLOROGENIC ACID
The green coffee beans are the seed of the coffee plant and are found in the plant’s red or purple fruit. Although they are seeds, they are called beans because they are bean-like in appearance. The fruit, which is often called coffee cherries or coffee berries, usually contains two seeds, with their flat sides against each other.
The two most common coffee plants are Arabica and Robusta. 75-80% of all green coffee grows in Arabica and 20% is Robusta. The coffee plant grows in a belt, “the bean belt” or “coffee belt” between the tropics of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. South America is the largest exporter of coffee and accounts for about 45% of all exports. Most coffee comes from Brazil.
The plants grow to be about 5-10 meters high, and the older they get, the less they branch, and the more leaves and fruit they have. The trees are planted in rows, with plenty of space between each plant. Some farmers plant fruit trees around the plant or plant green coffee trees on slopes, as they require very specific conditions to thrive.
For Arabica coffee, a temperature between 15-24°C is ideal, and for Robusta 24-30°C, and they must receive between 15-30cm of rain per year. Heavy rain is needed especially at the beginning of the season when the fruit develops, and as the fruit matures, less rain is required.